Exploring Different Types of Cranes

13th December 2016

Like most things worth having, cranes were invented by the Ancient Greeks. They use levers and/or pulleys to lift significant weights and transport loads far beyond the human capacity.

While the concept behind cranes is simple, they have evolved into highly specialised machines in the modern world. Today’s cranes are vital to many workplace operations, making them a vital cog in the construction industry.

This guide explores the different types of cranes available so that you can easily decide which one is designed to meet your needs.

Overhead Crane

Also commonly called a Bridge Crane, overhead cranes have a hook-and-line component that runs along a horizontal beam.

Overhead cranes are predominantly used in industrial settings, commonly working with steel, automobiles, paper and at mills. An Overhead/Bridge crane is a long term tool that is used as an integral part of a production line. For this reason, they are a cheaper option than a mobile crane.

Mobile Crane

A mobile crane consists of a truss mounted on a mobile platform. The mobility of the platform means that it can be suited to the road, the rail, water, and other environments.

Truck Mounted Crane

As the name suggests, this is a mobile crane that is mounted on a truck. It usually consists of a lower and an upper section. These cranes are operated by hydraulics, with the first hydraulic truck mounted crane invented by Hiab in 1947. These cranes can generally go anywhere a truck can go, making them extremely versatile and useful onsite.

Rough Terrain Crane

Rough Terrain Cranes are mobile truck cranes that are specifically designed for pick-and-carry operations in off-road or “rough terrain” circumstances. The design uses outriggers for stability during lifts and utilises its 4 wheel drive and 4-wheel steering to manoeuvre in usually tricky situations.

All Terrain Crane

In contrast to Rough Terrain Cranes, All Terrain Cranes (ATCs) are versatile machines that can operate on uneven and complicated surfaces as well as public roads. The technology and range of ATC cranes mean that they can handle virtually any land-based job.

Fixed Crane

Fixed Cranes lack the versatility of mobile cranes but make up for it with an ability to carry much greater loads to much greater heights. The fixed nature of the crane provides increased stability and they are used for large jobs for these reasons. While they can be disassembled and reassembled, they are usually fixed in a single location.

Cranes come in many shapes and sizes, meaning there is bound to be a crane for your job and your worksite. For the widest range of cranes in the Brisbane and Gold Coast area, view the Surf City Cranes fleet, or contact Surf City Cranes directly for professional advice.